What is Ivermectin (Stromectol)?
Sold under the brand name of Stromectol, Ivermectin is an antiparasitic medication popular among both animals and humans. it is a broad-spectrum antiparasitic medication used in the treatment of several infections. It has recently been included in the WHO list of essential medicines list. It belongs to a group of medications called Anthelmintics – a group of antiparasitic medications that expels parasitic worms or internal parasites from the body by stunning or killing them without causing any damage to the host.
What is Ivermectin used for?
In veterinary medicine, Ivermectin pills are used to treat ascariasis (a mite infestation) and animal heartworms. In human beings, Ivermectin 12 mg is used predominantly to treat parasitic infections like head lice and scabies. It is an important medication used to treat river blindness, a parasitic infection caused by the worm Onchocerca Volvulus, and Strongyloidiasis, a roundworm infection. It is also used in the treatment of heartworm and whipworm infections and is used to treat lymphatic filariasis, a human disease caused by filarial worms. Quite recently, Ivermectin tablets are being recognized as a trial medication for Covid-19 patients and used strictly for laboratory tests for the Sars-Cov-19 virus.
How does Ivermectin work?
It is believed to stun or kill the parasites by enabling the excessive release of neurotransmitters in the peripheral nervous system of the parasites. It works by paralyzing the parasitic gut so as to render them useless and kill their larvae, after which they are effectively removed from the body. It is said to bind to the proteins secreted by the young worms to block the host’s immune system so that once the immune system is back on track, the white blood cells can kill the worms. It also slows down the rate at which the adult worms reproduce to decrease their symptomatic effect on the body.
Ivermectin and Covid
Not approved by the FDA to treat Covid 19. So you can buy Stromectol or Ivermectin only for the treatment of parasitic infections caused by worms.
How long does it take for Ivermectin to work?
The dose of Ivermectin depends on the person’s weight and the infection for which the medication is being administered. It is usually applied as a cream, given in the form of oral tablets that take a slightly longer time to work, or through a subcutaneous injection that works quicker. The peak levels of Ivermectin are usually achieved within 2-5 hours of administration. It has a half-life of 18 hours, after which it is excreted mostly through feces and a small amount through urine. It is important to remember that despite its significant effect on the parasites throughout the human body, it does not cross the blood-brain barrier, which makes it a very safe option as a medication.
Other Useful Medicines
How to use Ivermectin?
It is important to understand the correct Ivermectin uses to treat the condition better. Ivermectin pills are usually taken as a single dose with a full glass of water. The dose is advised to be taken in the morning time an hour or so before breakfast. Usually, the dose is repeated once every 6-12 months, depending on the severity of the infection and the practitioner’s treatment plan. In people with Onchocerciasis or river blindness, a corticosteroid is advised along with Ivermectin to reduce the inflammation caused by the death of the worms. For cases of river blindness, the dose is 150mcg per kg in adults and teens, and children weighing more than 15kgs. Likewise, for Strongyloidiasis, the dose is 200mcg per kg in adults, teens, and children more than 15 kg. For children less than 15 kg, the practitioner determines the doses for river blindness and Strongyloidiasis.
Where to Buy Ivermectin (Stromectol)?
It is available as a cream dispensed by the name of Soolantra, or you can buy Ivermectin tablets available as Stromectol. It is also available in injection form, but that is supplied only to registered clinics and hospitals to be used by medical practitioners. Ivermectin cream is usually available at 1% concentration in 30mg, 45mg, and 60mg tubes and is used in the treatment of Rosacea lesions. In tablet form, you can buy Ivermectin in 3mg and 12 mg doses. Usually, you may not get Ivermectin over the counter as it is a prescription-based medication. You can buy it for humans online but required a prescription.
Ivermectin Side Effects on Humans
The side effects of it vary according to the infection it is prescribed for. It is for Onchocerciasis may lead to fever, itching, and skin rashes with inflamed glands in the neck and armpits. Sometimes, it may be associated with swelling of the hands, feet, legs, and face, along with headaches and a rapid heartbeat. Using the medication for Strongyloidiasis in skin rashes, dizziness, and diarrhea occasionally results in sleepiness and lightheadedness when trying to get up with the loss of appetite and shaking and trembling sensations. Other side effects like Steven Johnson syndrome and bronchial asthma have been associated with the use of it. It is essential to never overdose on Ivermectin and immediately get emergency help on experiencing overdosing symptoms like dilated pupils, seizures, and difficulty breathing.
Note:- People should avoid the use of Ivermectin or Stromectol to treat or prevent Corona or Covid 19. This oral medicine is not approved by FDA for Covid 19 treatment in humans. Read more on fda.gov.